ICC 523: Integrating Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom
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Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

What are the important things that you should know as a classroom teacher about the "Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia"?
Bethany Smith
Taylor Garry
The copyright act of 1976 included the fair use doctrine to allow use of copyrighted material without permission. It allows portions of these materials to be used for educational purposes. It does have specific parameters surrounding its use. The most important of these are Limitations-time, portion, copyrighting and distribution, located in section 4. I found these parameters to be much more restrictive than I had assumed they were for instructional purposes.
I think that it is more important to follow the spirit of the law than the letter. I, like Brent, see my priority as educating the next generation, instead of counting the classroom sets that exist in my school. I actually tried to set up a bulletin board in our copy room to make sure that we were complying with that part of the law, and it was taken down the next day. So... I figure that if my school doesn't care, and my students are being educated, I don't care (that much). On the other hand, since my students are only Checkpoint B at the highest, they are not reading any kind of literature that someone would care about copywriting. I like to use parts of the old regents exams that are posted online by the regents board specifically for that purpose. I also like to use realia and things that other teachers have made and posted to be public forum. I always make sure to snip the creator's name and credit them at the bottom of my worksheets.
  • Kayla: I remember reading that a school is allowed to make a certain number of copies of a given work for use in the classroom only, and that they must be collected after use. That might be what you remember.
  • Irena: You need to go to the Administration or School office to get a packet on copyright laws and they will tell you what you can and can't use. I found one site said you can only make 9 copies of a document but it might be different elsewhere. I also saw this interactive tool that might help: https://www.lib.umn.edu/copyright/fairthoughts

Brent Pavlick
The more I read about copyright laws the more I realize how limited we are to use the work of others to teach our students. Like Kayla and Kelly, I too, remember reading about 100 photocopied pages of Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States. I see copyright violation in terms of legality and ethics. Is it legal to use sections of books or videos even if it makes the perfect lesson and is the clearest way to teach your students? No, it is not legal to do so. But is it ethical? Personally, my main objective as a teacher is to teach students. As a result, respecting copyright laws within the walls of my classroom are secondary to my students' education. Obviously I do not pass the work off as my own and I respect copyright laws when producing work or giving a presentation outside of my four classroom walls. Basically I value the learning process and the ability to access knowledge more than I value following copyright laws "to the T".

Kayla Fivie
I think that the Fair Use Guidelines are very important to teachers because it gives teachers a quick resource to use just to make sure they are following the important rules of multimedia. I think for me personally the section that is most important is Section 4: Limitations-Time, Portion, Copyrighting and Distribution. I never really noticed and understood the importance of following rules for preparing multimedia projects. The ones that really stood out the most was motion media and text material. “Up to 10% or 3 minutes of motion media work may be reproduced or incorporated for educational multimedia project.” I thought this was interesting because I never knew that there was a rule like this. When I think back, I know a lot of people or teachers that use motion media and may not have known about these guidelines. It’s important to know these things so that you don’t get in trouble one day. As for text material, only 1000 words can be reproduced or incorporated into a multimedia project. And 1000 words can add up pretty quickly if you really think about it. When I was in elementary school and high school, I remember getting packets and packets of books that looked like they had been copied right from the book. Since learning this, I wonder if my teachers were following the appropriate copyright laws. It would be interesting to find out now. I think the Fair Use Guidelines is a good tool and resource for not only teachers but every person to know. (Rhonda edited a few typos.)

Aaron Stone
The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia gives educators information of the copyright laws pertaining to multimedia. When creating lessons, projects, presentations, etc., it is important to refer to the Fair Use Guidelines so that you are in compliance with any copyright laws. There are six categories within the guidelines. Within the six categories there are also subcategories that go into more detail on what is allowed and what is not allowed. These guidelines are not for just teachers but also students of all levels. Teachers need to be careful with anything that they post on their online website. If you do borrow any information or images it is important that you give credit when needed. It is also important to make sure that you check to see if the source (creator) will allow you to use the information or image desired.(please add too or edit my portion, I will not be offended.) (Rhonda edited a few typos.)

Hannah Murphy
There are several important limitations that educators need to be aware of according to the Fair Use Guidelines. These limitations are extremely important because very often, they are overlooked within schools. First, and most importantly, is the replication and use of photographs for an educational use. Most teachers use pictures and illustrations everyday throughout their instruction. According to the guidelines, educators may use these pictures as long as there are no more than 5 images by the same artist. In addition, if there is a use of a published collective, the teacher may use up to 15 images or 10% of the collection. Another popular source of information within a classroom is through videos, music, and lyrics. Teachers are allowed to use such materials as long as it is no more than 10% of the total, or no more than 30 seconds. In any event that there is a change to the lyrics, one may not change the melody or character of the original work. Also, the use of motion media may not exceed 3 minutes, or 10% of the entire work, when incorporating it into instruction. Lastly, educators need to be aware of the use of text materials in their instruction. The overall rule to be used is 10%, or 1,000 words, of a text is allowed to be used within the teaching. If a teacher uses a poem within their instruction, they should review such limitations before integrating it into their lesson. Educators need to be aware of these crucial limitations when incorporating others work into their instruction so they are not exceeding the limitations of the Fair Use Guidelines.

Hannah provides a great summary of the Fair Use Guidelines in this post. I think more resources like this should be made available for teachers after they have attended professional development sessions regarding copyright laws to use for quick check-ins in their day-to-day teaching and lesson planning.
I like how this forum provides both a linear discussion format in the sense that you can scroll through a series of easily discernible entries as well as a more well-rounded format created by the fact that all entries can be seen and interacted-with at once. Even though most entries are pretty similar, it is clear that new information can be easily introduced on this wikispace without disrupting the work and discussion points of its members. -Chloe Leibrick

Kayla Stirpe
There are a numerous amount of copyright regulations that current or future educators need to follow when incorporating multimedia into the classroom. The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia outlines these regulations for both educators and students. This is a source that everyone should review in order to ensure that there are not any copyright rules within the educational environment. Educators should inform themselves on these rules so that they can forward the message to their students. Educators always incorporate text, images and videos into their teaching materials, and it is unlikely that they are citing their sources or following these protocols for every multimedia source that they use. Many educators and students are unaware of some of the copyright rules that are listed throughout this source, and that is why it is critical for them to review them before they get into trouble. As a classroom teacher, it is important to be knowledgeable on all of the guidelines for educational multimedia.

Kelly Rambo
The Fair Use Guidelines is a legal doctrine that explains what materials, and how much of those materials can and cannot be used by students and teachers. This was very interesting for me! I believe as educators, it is easy to use multimedia incorrectly and not follow these guidelines. Just as Kayla Fivie, I thought back to high school when I was reading this. There were many times when we would watch a video or read a poem that I believe did not follow these guidelines. Also, during my student teaching placements there were a few times that teachers would use a video clip or song in their lesson. The guidelines for music, lyrics and videos are that no more than 10 % of the total, or no more than 30 seconds can be used. These teachers used the whole video or song. I believe they did not know about these regulations, or how they applied to the multimedia that they were using. As educators it is very important to follow these guidelines and not use any multimedia illegally.

Yihan Chen
Some of the (Lindsey) important things a classroom teacher should know about Fair Use Guidelines, are the limitations for using multimedia in the classroom, including time, portion, copying and distribution. For example, in the classroom teaching, a teacher could use a video as the teaching material, but only less than 10% or 3 minutes. The other important thing a teacher should know about the guideline is that this guideline is not only for teachers and educators, it is also for students, so teachers should set a good example for their students in complying with the guideline and arouse their awareness for correctly using the copyrighted work in their educational projects (Yes! Exactly!-Maddy). I think this guideline is beneficial to all teachers, students and educators that they will be more clear about the using of copyrighted work in classroom, and thus protects people from getting into trouble. (Lindsey fixed a couple typos.)

Madeline Parente
I read a few of these articles so, I will summarize the main points that jumped out at me. In the article "Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Media", the author listed many things pertaining to copyright. The one that stands out the most to me is section 4: "Limitations". This section informs teachers and students how much of another person's work can be used legally when preparing for classroom instruction or a class project. I think it is important to know how much of something can be used in order to avoid infringing on the copyright of another person's work. It is also important to remember that the works that are used within an educational setting need to pertain to the lesson at hand. An interesting thing that I noticed while reading the article "Teachers Should Know Copyright From Wrong", is that the author gives an example about using a movie during class time. The movie has to be supported by other material within the lesson. A movie can not be used if it does not relate to the lesson. Another interesting find from this article is that David Ensign recommends linking, as opposed to copy/paste. I had not thought about this until I read it in this article, but by linking, it makes sure that you, the teacher, are giving the author credit. There are also so many copyright free websites that can be used by teachers which ensure that there is no infringement on the work of another person.
Overall, I think it is important, as educators, to be aware of copyright laws.

The link, http://teams.lacoe.edu/documentation/classrooms/gayle/fairuse/fairuse.html, will be of interest those teachers who teach online classes. The site is especially user friendly with a pretest and then a brief introduction to the concept of Fair Use and its implications now that we have all gone digital in a major way with the millennial generation. With its concise explanations and kid-friendly animation, it could easily be used as a teaching tool in the classroom. Students, too, have to be aware of the uses surrounding copyright as they progress from grade school to college and beyond. -- Lorna Swaine-Abdallah

Jocelyn Ticknor
So, like everyone else has touched on, fair use guidelines are important for educators. Not only are the rules and guidelines supposed to be adhered to by teachers, but students must also know these regulations, as well. Teachers can only use portions of multimedia in their classrooms and must be careful how they use them(Ariel Denny). For example, I have had many teachers in the past play songs in a foreign language via youtube and give us a handout with the lyrics on it with blanks to fill in.The teachers never give us the entirety of the song, by doing this they do not infringe upon copyright laws(Ariel Denny)

Alyssa Hunt
As educators it is extremely important to know what can,(Bethany Smith) and can not be reproduced as the parameters for this are set wide in the world of education so that our students may reap the benefits of various online work in the classroom. These guidelines should be specific for what is allowed in the classroom so that teachers may use videos, images, and written work as a tool in the classroom. It is also important to be aware of limitations due to copyright so that imposing on someone else's work, especially when it is not for educational use, should be restricted.

Technology in today's world is a large array of useful tools and applications that can help us as educators to further enhance the learning of our students. Having said that, there are a lot of limitations upon these great technologies especially when it comes to determining ownership and copyright of media that can be found online. The line dividing what is and is not legal is black and white, technically, but many people skirt this line when they want access to particular files, whether this means accessing movies, music, pictures, or written work. In the professional setting, we have to be careful that we are not using media that has a copyright illegally, so I definitely think that it is important for administration to facilitate the copyright laws to the teachers in the school/district to ensure that this does not accidentally happen. -Perry Crain

We live in the flood of information, so it leads us to use the information without the awareness of copy rights(Myunghee Kim). Guidelines and policies are so crucial to have implemented in the classroom,(Bethany Smith) with all the tools we are able to use with our students. Not only do these rules help up stay respectful of the law, but also aware of everything else that comes along with using the tools. Before we use technology with our students, we need to be aware of the terms of use with devices. If resources and tools are given to us by the administrative staff, there should be proper training to use the new tools. -Alison Brady-

Fair Use Guidelines are an important resource for many professions in addition to teaching. However, I feel that it is of paramount importance for teachers to understand fully because they will then, through their very practice, model and encourage a sensitivity to copyright and other legal aspects of multimedia sharing and usage for their students. In an increasingly technologically advanced world, students will need to be prepared at earlier and earlier ages to have an appreciation for copyright laws and an eye for both correct and incorrect media usage. Further, as curricula around the country begin to grow more and more digital, copyright usage will likely be incorporated into lessons on plagiarism as well... as it should be! -Chloe Leibrick, Fall 2017

Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia sets Teachers a path they can take rather than violating the Copyright issues. Teachers should be aware of these guidelines and plan their lessons accordingly. As it is important for students to be aware of plagiarism, teachers should be aware of Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia (as Professor Ponterio emphasized the importance). - Ismet CAVUSOGLU, Fall 2017

As teachers, we use multiple resources to get our main idea and objective across. However, it is important to use the Fair Use Guidelines to ensure that information is being used in the correct manner. Teachers should be cognizant of this matter because of the legal ramifications but also to demonstrate proper use and respect of others work to students. As Chloe mentioned above, students "need to be prepared at earlier ages." Students are able to access more information quickly and easily. Students need to be taught appropriate ways to use this information. -Liz Gomez

Teachers must be careful to adhere to the Fair Use Guidelines provided for teachers. It is provided for a reason, and to break the copy laws is to potentially get into a lot of trouble. It is important to be mindful of the guidelines. I think it is important that students be aware of copyright laws as well because in college plagiarism is a serious offense that they should start being aware of in high school. -Mary Kate Darstein, Fall 2017

I think that it's useful for educators to use multiple resources in our teaching as it allows us to not recreate the wheel and use culturally authentic resources. That said, teachers must follow fair use and copyright to avoid getting into trouble. It's also important for teachers to cite where they are getting resources from as this works as a nice model for our students on what we should be doing when we use something that is not our own. -Willy Taylor, Fall 17

The more I read about Fair Use, the more important it seems to err on the side of caution. If you're not absolutely certain you can use something fairly it may be best to try and find an alternative. Familiarizing yourself with Fair Use Guidelines and also the expectations of your school can make navigating this easier. Overall, even if assuring you use something fairly may be more work, it can ensure our students have the best resources possible.-Carlyn Grebleski

Fair Use Guidelines are essential for teachers to understand. We are encouraged to utilize an array of sources in our classrooms, but we need to recognize that not all of this information belongs to us just because we use it to teach. Credit is due to those who have originally produced these sources and allow us to use them for teaching tools. We hate plagiarism in our classrooms from our students, so keep in mind that we should never plagiarize another teacher's work! Give credit where it is due always. As many have already stated, we need to plan our lessons accordingly and acknowledge the copyright rules as we do so. -Tate Stoyell, Fall 2017

Educators should always use current materials from a wide variety of resources, including the Internet. However, it's important for teachers to be aware of Fair Use Guidelines to be sure that no copyrighted materials are violated. By doing so, teachers serve as role models for their students to also be wary of copyright infringement and giving credit to creators of materials. If, as teachers, we do not accept plagiarized material, then we must be diligent to not pose others' material as our own, as well. Lesson planning must also take copyright laws into consideration to avoid any possible trouble and to model proper online citizenship etiquette. - James Burton, Fall 2017